Grangettes Switzerland is a Swiss cosmetic brand that sells products combining know-how, high-technology, sensory, efficiency and ethical.
What are the benefits of exfoliation for the skin? What are the different types? What frequency should we do?
This article answers these questions precisely.
What is exfoliation?
In cosmetology, exfoliation aims to eliminate dead cells accumulated on the surface of the epidermis in order to make the complexion smoother and brighter. It can be mechanical or chemical.
Exfoliation must be integrated into a beauty routine to stimulate cell renewal and unify the shine of the complexion, but to achieve visible and safe results, it is important to know in detail the various mechanisms of exfoliation.
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The different types of exfoliation
Mechanical exfoliants are made up of small abrasive grains of natural or synthetic origin: sodium bicarbonate, crushed fruit stones, coffee grounds, salt, microbeads, sugar, etc. These grains act by friction on the skin and desquamate the dead cells. They are used in their pure state, or mixed with a cleansing gel.
Chemical exfoliants are made up of molecules that work by attacking dead cells. Chemical exfoliation can be split into two themes:
- The acidic agents (often fruit acids) used depend on the type of skin and its sensitivity:
- glycolic acid (AHA or Alpha Hydroxy Acid) is generally obtained from beets, grapes or sugar cane. It is particularly suitable for mature skin and has an action on wrinkles, spots and firmness.
- salicylic acid (BHA or Beta Hydroxy Acid) often comes from willow or meadowsweet; it can also be synthetic. It is ideal for skin with imperfections thanks to its anti-inflammatory and purifying action.
- Lactic acid (AHA or Alpha Hydroxy Acid) is, as its name suggests, produced from the fermentation of milk. It can also be found in blueberries, sugar and beets. It is indicated for dull skin lacking radiance.
The ingredients of enzymatic exfoliants come mainly from fruit enzymes: papaya, pineapple, fig. They have an action very similar to fruit acids, and they are generally used in combination. They have the advantage of not being irritating or allergenic.
Exfoliation or peeling?
The term "scrub" is generally used to refer to mechanical exfoliation, while the word "peeling" commonly refers to chemical exfoliation.
Why exfoliate the skin?
The skin is composed of epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis.
The epidermis is on the surface and is intended to form a protective barrier thanks to keratinocytes, which are constantly renewed. At the end of life, they migrate to the surface and form a cluster of dead cells.
By exfoliating the skin, it is helped to evacuate them, which avoids the accumulation of black points and dead cells.
Exfoliates the skin thus favors cell renewal by deterring the pores!
For the face, chemical or very fine grain peelings are generally preferred. Grangettes offers enzymatic exfoliation to ensure non-irritating and skin-friendly use but that ensures optimal efficiency. For the body and less sensitive areas such as the sole of the feet, mechanical scrub can also be relevant.
Grangettes et l’exfoliation
For exfoliation, Grangettes Switzerland only uses enzymatic active ingredients. They are more respectful of the skin, and allow precise targeting of problems: acne, imperfections, oily or dry skin, lack of radiance, etc.
The other exfoliation methods do not meet our specifications for several reasons:
Problems of mechanical exfoliation
Until 2018, microbeads were mostly made of plastic (polyethylene). They offered good efficiency at the expense of the environment. Fortunately, they are now banned in the European Union.
From now on, the micro-beads are designed with other eco-responsible materials but their effectiveness is reduced. Most of the time, their quantity is either too low or too high. As a result, the product is either insufficiently effective or problematic for the skin: irritation due to rubbing that can create redness or significant skin reactions.
Problems of acid exfoliation
Acid-based exfoliating active ingredients, especially fruit, are very effective but highly allergenic. Being able to cause skin damage, they do not meet the safety standards of Grangettes Switzerland.
Our solution: Purifying Face Gel
This gel applied to the face offers a triple action: cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing. to start or finish an excellent day. It gently exfoliates your face, without creating an allergic reaction.